Facts, Identification & Control

    Ant control can be difficult, but one should know about how ants' behavior can lead to discomfort at home or work:

    • Entry: Ants can enter through even the tiniest cracks, seeking water and sweet or greasy food substances in the kitchen pantry or storeroom areas.
    • Odor trails: Ants leave an invisible chemical trail which contains pheromones for others to follow once they locate the food source.
    • Nesting sites: They can nest about anywhere in and around your house; in lawns, walls, stumps, even under foundations.
    • Colony size: Colonies can number up to 300,000 to 500,000, and whole colonies can uproot and relocate quickly when threatened.
    • Colony Life: A colony can live a relatively long lifetime. Worker ants may live seven years, and the queen may live as long as 15 years.
    • Do-it-yourself: Most do-it-yourself ant control approaches kill only the ants you see. Some truly effective treatments can penetrate and destroy nests to help prevent these pests from returning.


    How to identify Bed Bugs

    Bed bugs are flat, reddish-brown, oval insects up to 4 to 5 mm long or the size of an apple seed. Swollen and reddish after a blood meal. For more information, see What do Bed Bugs Look Like?

    Behavior, Diet & Habits

    Bed bugs only feed on blood. Under cool conditions, bed bugs have been able to survive up to a year without a meal. They prefer to be more active at night when the host is asleep. Bed bugs are found in cracks and crevices, including mattress seams, sheets, furniture, behind baseboards, electrical outlet plates and picture frames. Often found in hotels, where they can travel from room to room and in visitors' luggage or other personal belongings such as purses and briefcases.

    Signs of a Bed Bug Infestation

    1. Seeing the bugs. Adult bed bugs are about the shape and size of an apple seed.
    2. Case skins. As the juvenile bugs grow, they shed their skins, discovery of which can indicate their presence.
    3. Defecation. After feeding, bed bugs return to their harborage to hide where they defecate black to brown stains on porous surfaces or black to brown mounds on nonporous surfaces.
    4. Bites also may indicate bed bug activity, but further signs will need to be found, since other sources can cause red welts on the skin.

    How serious are Bed Bugs?


    Females can deposit one to five eggs a day, and may lay 200 to 500 eggs in a Bed Bug's lifetime. Under normal room temperatures and with an adequate food supply, they can live for more than 300 days.

    Bed Bugs and Disease

    It is possible that Bed Bugs can carry diseases, however, they are not known to transmit diseases to people. To learn more, see Bed Bugs and Disease.

    Bed Bug Bites

    Bed Bugs feed exclusively on blood, and people have various responses to Bed Bug Bites. To identify, learn about symptoms etc, see Bed Bug Bites.


    German Cockroach:

    • Adults are 1/2 - 5/8 inch long, rarely flies
    • Golden in colour with 2 dark stripes on pronotum
    • Droppings look like pepper
    • Lives in kitchens and bathrooms due to moisture
    • Prefers temperature of 260C or above
    • 1 Gravid female German roach can produce 63 million adults in a year

    American Cockroach:

    • Adults are 13/8 - 21/8 inch long, sunglass-type marking on pronotum
    • Wings cover body and reddish-black in colour
    • Glides from surfaces more often than flies
    • Droppings as large as for mice, but have ridges and blunt ends
    • Lives in deciduous trees and woodpiles; hitch-hikes with brown bags
    • Associated with sewer systems and wet areas
    • 1 Gravid female American roach can produce 160 adults in a year

    Oriental Cockroach:

    • 1 - 11/4 inch long, dark brown to black, wide body
    • Male wings cover 1/4 of body, females only have wingpad
    • Droppings look like pepper
    • Lives in sewer systems, wet areas, basements, and under logs
    • 1 Gravid female Oriental roach can produce 160 adults in a year


    Follow the rule of 4 "D"s - ( Deny Entry, Deny Food, Deny Shelter, Destroy )
    Easy Care will: Use vacuum to suction (where available) in all exposed adults & eggs and apply an IGR Apply Gel bait Spray thoroughly with residual spray Dust the voids and any crack and crevice.


    Flies: Facts, Identification & Control

    More than 100 pathogens are associated with the house fly, including Salmonella, Staphylococcus,E. coli and Shigella. These pathogens can cause disease in humans and animals, including typhoid fever, cholera, bacillary dysentery and hepatitis. Sanitation is critical to controlling these pests, but accurate identification is essential for successful fly control. Here are some other things you should know about flies and fly control:

    • Depending on the species, the life expectancy of a fly is eight days to two months or, in some cases, up to a year. Flies belong to the order Diptera, meaning two wings. There are more than 16,000 species of flies in North America. Flies plague every part of the world except the polar ice caps.
    • One pair of flies can produce more than 1 million offspring through their offsprings' offspring in a matter of weeks.
    • Millions of microorganisms may flourish in a single fly's gut, while a half-billion more swarm over its body and legs. Flies spread diseases readily because they move quickly from rotting, disease-laden garbage to exposed human foods and utensils.
    • Because they only have two wings, flies land often and therefore can deposit thousands of bacteria each time they land.
    • Every time a fly lands, it sloughs off thousands of microbes. If a fly lands on food or utensils, customers may ingest germs that can trigger serious illness such as diarrhea, food poisoning, meningitis and bloodstream infections.

    When flies feed on waste, they collect pathogens on their legs and mouths. These pathogens are then transferred to food on tables or counters when a fly lands again. Flies regurgitate on solid food then they eat the liquid. They are capable of transmitting disease when they vomit, groom themselves or just walk on surfaces.

    The best way to repel flies is through simple, preventive measures. Flies prefer warm temperatures and are most active from late spring to early autumn. In order to best repel flies during this time, limit access to your home as much as possible, keeping doors and windows closed. You may also choose to screen windows, doors and vents. Keep garbage cans clean and securely closed. Keeping surfaces clean will make your home less appealing to flies. For best results, contact a pest control professional to discuss extermination options.


    Mosquitoes can be a real nuisance anywhere in the world, leaving a nasty bite on uncovered skin. The female species can also carry fatal diseases. Read more about the lifecycles and habits of these blood-suckers.

    Aedes Mosquitoes: Aedesaegypti

    • Adult has black and white markings
    • Larval rest 45 degree from the surface of the water
    • Egg is black in colour and shape like a rugby ball
    • Egg to adult stage takes 6 – 8 days
    • Complete metamorphosis – egg, larval, pupa and adult
    • Habitat – container breeder especially man-made containers with clean water
    • Biting rhythm – biting peaks at change of light intensity (after sunrise and before sunset)
    • Prefer darker colours like black and red
    • Can fly short distance (50 – 100m)

    Anopheles Mosquito: Anopheles spp.

    • Adult – pale and dark marks on its wings and resting 45 degree angle to the surface.
    • Larval rest parallel to surface of the water
    • Egg is about 1mm long and has floats on its sides.
    • Egg to adult stage takes 6 – 10 days
    • Complete metamorphosis – egg, larval, pupa and adult
    • Habitat – prefer clean and unpolluted water.
    • Biting rhythm – bite at night and rest indoor and outdoor (depends on species)
    • Prefer darker colours
    • Female with one blood meal can lay 50 – 150 eggs.
    • Main vector for Malaria.

    Culex Mosquito: Culextritaeniorhynchus:

    • Adult – thorax, legs and veins on the wings are always covered with brown scales. Dull in colour. The tip of the abdomen is always blunt.
    • Larval rest 45 degree from the surface of the water
    • Egg is brown, long and cylindrical, vertical on water surface, cemented in a raft of 300 eggs. Raft usually 3 – 4mm long and 2 – 3mm wide.
    • Egg to adult stage takes 6 – 10 days
    • Complete metamorphosis – egg, larval, pupa and adult
    • Habitat – mainly breed in paddy field, polluted stagnant water and drains.
    • Biting rhythm – bite at night and usually rest indoor before and after the blood meal. Sometimes they may rest outdoor.
    • Prefer darker colours
    • Long distance fliers
    • Main vector for Japanese B – Encephalitis



    • Plague, Murine Typhus, Rickettsial Pox, Salmonellosis, Rat Bite Fever, Wail's disease, Hantavirus, Typhoid, Dysentery and many others Field Rat : - 7-9.5 inch long, heavy, thick body with brown, shaggy fur
      - Droppings are 1/4 inch long and capsule-shaped
      - Small ears, blunt nose, small eyes; tail is shorter than head and body
      - Prefers to eat meat
      - Nests in outside underground burrows
      - Shy around new objects; Excellent swimmers

    Bendicoot :

    • Large rat-like rodent, up to 40 cm including tail
    • Dorsally dark brown fur
    • Light to dark grey fur ventrally
    • Head body length about 25cm
    • Long and scaly tail uniformly dark and shorter than head-body length
    • Adults of both sexes have a smell which is similar to pigs
    • Blunt muzzle
    • When cornered, the bandicoot rat erects is bristles and spits like a cat.

    Roof Rat :

    • 6-8 inch long, with a light, slender body
    • Droppings are 1/2 inch long
    • Large ears that can be pulled over eyes
    • Pointed nose and large eyes; tail is longer than head & body
    • Black or brown in colour with smooth fur
    • Body is smaller and sleeker than a Norway rat

    • (1) Prefers to eat fruits & vegetables
      (2) Nests inside buildings, in attics, and high areas
      (3) Shy around new objects; Excellent climber

    House Mouse :

    • 2.5 to 3.5 inch long, dusty gray in colour
    • Droppings are 1/8 – 1/4 inch long with pointed ends
    • Large ears and small eyes
    • Often confused with a smaller rat, but mouse has a smaller head
    • Enters through holes the size of a pant button
    • Prefers to eat seeds and cereals; destructive in pantries, stored food
    • Nests in insulation, inquisitive around new objects

    Start with a thorough inspection Rule of 4 "D"s: Deny Entry, Deny Food, Deny Shelter, Destroy
    Use of snap-traps, rodent stations (rodabox), glueboards, multi-catch traps, baits (in sealed containers)

    4-Line defense system

    Twice a month frequency (Recommended); AMC = 24 services; Fence line rodent stations at 80ft apart; Building circumference rodent stations at 40ft apart; Inside building multi-catch traps at 20ft apart; Snap and glue traps in false ceilings and rodent runways

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